The Upper Austrian Energy Strategy "Energy Future 2030"
Summary of the 2015 implementation report
Upper Austria is one of Austria’s nine regions/federal states. It covers an area of 12,000 km² and has a population of about 1.4 million. Upper Austria accounts for about one quarter of the industrial production and exports of Austria. The region is characterised by a dynamic development, economic prosperity and a low unemployment rate. The renewable energy and environment technology sector shows rapid growth with presently about 45,000 employees.
With the Upper Austrian Energy Strategy - which builds upon regional energy strategies implemented since 1994 – the following targets were adopted to be reached by 2030 (starting year 2005):
- 100 % renewable electricity (sufficient own-renewable electricity generation to fully cover the Upper Austrian electricity consumption)
- 100 % renewable heat (sufficient own-generation of renewable energy to fully cover the energy demand for space heating in Upper Austria)
- Incremental reduction of heat demand by 39%
- up to 41% less fossil fuels for transport
The annual implementation report summarises statistical energy data of Upper Austria and provides an overview of the achievements in relation to the targets. In addition to presenting longer-term development, the development is analysed and presented in detail based on the latest available data.
Key energy data
Upper Austria has a gross domestic energy consumption of 316 Petajoules of which 31.8% are provided by renewable energy sources. The most important renewable energy sources are biomass, accounting for approximately 16%, followed by hydro power with 11.1%. Two thirds of the gross domestic energy consumption is covered by imports.
The sectors of transportation, private households, iron/steel/chemical industries and other production industries each account for about one quarter of the final energy demand.
The 2015 energy report shows that Upper Austria is making significant progress in the transition towards renewable energies.
The longer-term development is characterised by:
- The use of renewable energy sources has significantly increased since 2005, the weather-related decline in 2011 (the worst year for hydropower since 1991) and 2014 can be clearly seen.
- The share of renewable energy in the final energy consumption has increased from 33% (2005) to 39% (2014).
- The consumption of fossil oil (-19% between 2005 to 2014) and gas (-3% from the previous year) are decreasing.
- The overall consumption of fossil fuels has decreased 10% since 2005.
- The electricity demand is increasing; however, the share of renewable electricity is around 80%.
- Both the final energy consumption and gross energy consumption* (BIV) have remained relatively constant since 2005.
- The gross regional product (GRP) has grown by 32% and the decoupling of economic growth from the growth in energy consumption is shown to continue.
- The specific energy demand (final energy consumption per GDP) has decreased by 26%.
- The gross inland energy consumption per GRP has dropped by 25%.
- The energy intensity has decreased by about 25%.
Important results 2015:
- The overall capacity of the 2015-installed PV systems reached 30 MWpeak (2,600 new plants installed).
- In 2015, approximately 30,000 m² of solar thermal systems were installed.
- More than 2,000 modern biomass heating systems and around 1,700 heat pumps were installed in 2015.
- Since 2005, the energy demand for the space heating of the regional administrative buildings has decreased by 18%.
Summary of the Upper Austrian energy report 2015
Energy Commissioner Gerhard Dell, gerhard.dellesv.orat
Linz, April 2016